Spring is finally here and with it, came some wonderful rain and temperatures. With 18mm of rain, the bush received a total facelift in the form of wonderfully bright, green colours. The average maximum temperature for this month was 32°C. All the browsers in the area are enjoying the lush green leaves and new flowers on the trees. A beautiful green blanket is also merging from the ground after the lovely rain that we had. All the grazers are totally over the moon with the green grass shoots. The first flowers have emerged from the dry soil in some of the areas where, not so long ago, there was only a brown canvas. It is not going to be too long before the entire area is transformed. This September was an absolute great birding month, as more migratory birds have returned to our area. Game viewing was also unbelievable and full of excitement. Again, we were very fortunate to have the wild dogs in our area. Our resident hyena clan is also doing very well and there were more babies born this month. The two new pups are extremely cute and very adventurous. It is a delight to see them and we are grateful to have the den on our property, very close to the lodge.
The leopard sightings were just out of this world and the quality of the sightings were any photographer’s dream. We were really spoiled for choice as some days there were more than four different sightings going. There are still big changes going on in the area between the female leopards, after Salayexe’s death.
Tiyani, the young lady has finally realised that Salayexe is not coming back. We saw her so many times this month moving around the lodge. Tiyani is scent marking all around our lodge and doing the territorial call as well. I must say, for a small cat, she’s got a powerful voice on her. Still it is not to say that she will set up territory in this area. She is still young and any other big female can come and take this territory from her. But for now, it is awesome to see her moving freely. The young Ingrid’s Dam female is also moving all over the show and scent marking on everything. She has also picked up on Salayexe’s absence and she has her eyes set on a piece of the late Salayexe’s territory. This young female does not want to stop there, as she is also putting some pressure on Shadow. She was seen scent marking in the western part of Shadows territory. It will be thrilling to see what will happen when these two finally meet.
Moya also knows that her aunt is not here anymore. She has started reclaiming the area that Salayexe previously took from her. She and her cub are both doing really well and both are looking really healthy. The young female is spending a lot of time alone, while mum is out, looking for Anderson. Moya has mated with Anderson twice this month, but is was not for the average four to six days each time.
Kuchava, the young female, was also seen a few times this month. She is such an energetic little cat and so relaxed with the vehicles around her. This young female is really a beauty and I really hope that she gets a territory in the area. If she wants a territory in this area, she would need to challenge her mother first. Her mother, Thandi, is not going to take it lightly if she finds an intruder in her territory, even if it is her own daughter. Kuchava was seen mating with Tingana this month, so there are some interesting times waiting for us in the near future.
Thandi is also doing very well. Thamba is also looking good and spending a lot of time on his own. This is also Thandi’s way to force him to hunt for himself. The reason for that is that he will be pushed out in another few months. This all depends on Thandi, if she thinks Thamba is ready to go out on his own, then she will kick him out.
Shadow and her cub were also seen a few times. The cub is very shy and does not like the vehicles around. Shadow was really up and down, patrolling her boundary. Unlike her sister, she is not very calm with the vehicles around her.
Hosana, the young male leopard was also seen a few times this month. This young male is one of the most relaxed young leopards in the area. Unfortunately for him, there is no room in the area and he will have to move on to a new territory, or be ready to challenge his father.
Mvula was also seen a few times this month moving around in Tingana’s territory. At this stage he needs to stay clear of Tingana, as he might get injured if Tingana gets hold of him. I must say Mvula is still looking great and is in good health.
Tingana was also seen a few times this month. Once again, it looks like Tingana has his hands full with the young males and Mvula moving around in his territory. It will not be too long before Tingana will be challenged by these young males.
Anderson was seen several times this month. It looks like he slowed down a little bit with expanding his empire more north and more east. So far Anderson has no challengers yet, but anything can still happen in the near future. Anderson is still in the prime of his life and an absolute brut of a male.
The Styx pride was seen on a regular basis this month. The females always manage to kill something for the cubs, even if it is only an impala. The three Styx lionesses are doing really well and they are caring really well for their ten cubs. We were so fortunate to see the four new cubs being moved from the old den to the new den. These four bundles of fluff are looking great and are so adventurous. When mum takes them into the safety of the under-growth thicket, they just walk out again. They want to go and explore around the new den. The one Birmingham male always pays a visit to the den and then stays at the den for a day or so, before moving on.
The Nkuhuma pride is also looking awesome and they are very healthy. We were also very lucky to see them on a number of occasions this month. It is always great to see them moving around in our area. The majority of times when we saw the lionesses together, there were only four together and not five. We know that the one female of the group has cubs somewhere. It will be so awesome when she brings them out for the first time. Fingers cross that they all survive and become independent.
One lioness of the Ximungwe pride was also seen this month. She did not stay very long before she moved back to the western part of the reserve. It is still unclear why she came here, but it was good to see her.
The Birmingham males were also seen several times this month. These males are looking great and with all the scars in their faces, they look like true warriors. We saw them a few times in groups of two or three, but never all four together. It is not to say that all four of them never walk together, I am sure they do from time to time. I must say there is nothing more impressive than four adult male lions with full manes, walking down the road towards you.
We had a few great buffalo sightings this month. We were fortunate to see some small breeding herds moving through the area. This is good news for us, because it might just be that the big herds are on their way. There were no calves with the small groups that we saw – we only saw a few older youngsters and a lot of pregnant females. A few of the bigger mud wallows are filled with water and it did not take long for the small herds and the dagga boys to soak in the mud during a hot day. Buffaloes will take a mud bath to mainly cool down and also to get rid of tics and parasites on them. After enjoying a wonderful mud bath, they will go and rub against a big tree. There were two bachelor groups that moved around in the area. Both these groups moved between three main water holes, so we did not need to go and look very far for them. Also with the new grass coming out, things are looking much better for these bulk grazers.
We were very lucky with elephant sightings this month, as we saw multiple herds each day. The majority of the herds that we saw this month had about sixty or so individuals in it, together with a lot of babies. It was such an awesome experience for the guests to see such big breeding herd of elephants, quenching their thirst at the water hole in front of the lodge. We saw a few smaller family groups with a few very small babies that stayed in close proximity to the lodge area. This might be due to the little babies in the group. There is also lush green leaves and new grass coming through after the wonderful rain that we had, so they do not need to move very far. It’s really something to see when the small babies try to use their little trunks for the very first time. It was so special to spend some time with them, especially the little ones that are still trying to figure out how to use their trunks and what it is actually used for. When the baby is with mum, he tries to mimic her in everything she does. This is also how they learn what to eat and how to get it. There were a few times when mum had to gently use her trunk and move the little one out of the way, so that she could carry on feeding.
It was an absolute treat again this month to see the Styx female move all four her cubs to a new den. This isn’t something you get to see every day!
Did you know?
After a lioness gives birth, she will keep the cubs hidden from the rest of the pride and only introduce them to the pride after six to eight weeks.
See you out on the game drive soon.
It is strange how the unexpected can happen at any time and any place. The month started off with a bang and everything was out and about, going really well, until that one day. As most of you know by now Salayexe, our resident female leopard, passed away on the 18th of August. This sudden death shook the whole of the northern Sabi Sand Wildtuin and also everyone who had come to know her. Rest in peace, our fallen angel. The rest of the game viewing was just unbelievable this month, though, as we saw the little pangolin several times. We were also very lucky regarding the wild dog sightings, as we saw three different packs moving through the area. The nightlife was rocking this month and we saw many beautiful nocturnal animals. The average maximum temperature was 28°C with 2mm of rain.
Tiyani, the young female, is still all over the show. She still moves around in Shadow’s territory and also still frequents Salayexe’s old territory. I do not think that she knows yet that Salayexe has passed away, but I doubt that it will be too long before all the females will know that there is a prime piece of land up for grabs. The young Tiyani’s confidence levels are on a high at this stage, as she is scent marking all over her territory. Nchila was also seen a few times this month. Nchila is still occupying the north-eastern part of our traversing area. This female is also growing in confidence and is very relaxed with the vehicles around her. She has a sneaky streak in her and will let you know immediately if and when she has had enough of you.
The young Ingrid’s Dam female was also seen a lot this month. She is really becoming our go-to girl and there is never a dull moment with her. For some odd reason, she moved out of the area where we thought she would set up a territory for herself. She moved up north, right into the heart of Shadow’s territory and the best of all is that she is scent marking as well. Interesting times are waiting for us, regarding the young females in the area.
The old Ingrid’s Dam female and her cub were also seen a few times this month. It looks like this female is moving into our area more and more, so it will be great to gain another female leopard.
Moya and her cub were also seen a few times this month. It looks like Moya started expanding more north into the late Salayexe’s territory. Her cub is looking great and in tip top condition. She really is a little beauty.
Hosana, the young male leopard, is still around in Tingana’s territory. Hosana is looking great and he is still doing well for himself. Unfortunately, there will come a time when this young male, as with all young males, will need to move on to another area. Tingana is a very tolerant male, but like any male he has a limit.
Young Thamba was also seen a few times this month. This young male is always such a treat to watch and he is relaxed with the vehicles around him. He will be a great dominant male one day.
Mvula was seen several times this month. It looks like he lost everything now and he is a nomad again. At this stage, he is avoiding Tingana at all times, as the last thing that he wants would be to have a fight with a younger and stronger male.
Tingana was also seen a few times this month. I think he knows that Mvula is moving through the area. The only problem is that he can’t spend too much time looking for him, as he needs to check his whole territory for any younger intruders.
Anderson was also seen a lot this month. Every time we see him, he has a new scar on his face. It is unclear with who he battles it out every so often, but it should be interesting to see the other male. It also looks like Anderson has stopped expanding his territory for the time being, so Tingana can breathe again, for now.
The lion sightings were absolutely mind blowing. I would go as far as to say that the quality of the sightings was the best so far, this year. The Nkuhuma pride is doing really well and they are looking very healthy. The young Nkuhuma has given birth to three healthy cubs. This is so good for the pride, as they can potentially grow even more. At this stage, the cubs are still too small for us to view, as this is mom and baby bonding time… Too much traffic around a den is never a good idea. If there is a lot of traffic around a newly discovered den, it may cause unwanted attention by other predators. Fingers crossed that this first-time mother will be successful in raising her cubs to independence.
The Styx pride also shared the limelight with the Nkuhuma pride this month. The pregnant lioness of the Styx pride gave birth to four healthy babies around the 26th of August. This is such an exciting time for us. We all know this might be just the turning point we all have been waiting for. If all the cubs can survive, this pride will be able to grow in numbers.
Two lionesses of the Ximungwe pride were also seen a few times in our area. These two lionesses are really beautiful and very relaxed with the vehicles moving around them. At this stage, it is unclear whether they have a territory, or if they are just moving around in search of a place to call home. For two or three lionesses to hold their own against a pride of ten to fifteen individuals is always very difficult and so often, they would lose their territory. It will be great if they can take the area around the lodge, which used to belong to the Tsalala pride.
We had a surprise visit from the hair-bellied Matimba male lion this month. He was on his own and had a limp on his left hind leg. He did not stay very long before he moved out of our area again. Besides his limp, he appeared to be in really good shape.
The Birmingham males are still looking great and I must say that they have really bulked up a lot. They have joined forces a few times this month, but still split up the majority of the time. One good thing is that there is no competition for these for boys yet, but it is not going to be that case forever.
At last it looks like the buffaloes are slowly moving back into the area. As food is getting scarcer in the reserve, the buffaloes tend to move more and more, as they search for sustainable food and water for the herd. We have seen two small breeding herds that moved around the area for a few days before they moved on again. It is great news for us that they are moving around, as this means that the big herds might also come through sooner or later. We also have two different bachelor groups which hanged around our lodge for almost the entire month. One of the hot spots for one of the group was the water hole in front of our lodge. In the early mornings, they would move into the brush to go and eat and then in the afternoon, move back to the water to quench their thirst.
It is great to see that the breeding herds are coming back into the area. We had such awesome sightings this month. We were spoiled for choice, as there were times when there were five to six different herds in the area. We were also very fortunate to see herds of elephants at the waterhole in front of the lodge. As the majority of the waterholes in the area are dry, the elephants make their way to the lodge almost every day. Elephants are most probably some of the most interesting and entertaining animals to watch. If you take the time and watch a herd for an hour or so, you soon realize that they are extremely intelligent and also such loving and caring animals. We also saw a lot of big males moving through the area. It is such a treat to see these big heavyweights in their natural habitat.
It was the most exciting thing to see the Nkuhuma lioness moving her tiny cubs to a new den. This is always special to see, as you cannot imagine that they can be so gentle with their strong jaws and long canines. One by one, she carried them to the new den, holding them ever-so-gently in her mouth. The cubs appeared so calm and peaceful, you would think that they were fast asleep. As this is still a closed sighting and we happened to see them by change, we will wait until later before viewing them again. Seeing them per chance while they were still so small made this extra special.
Did you know?
The woodland kingfisher is generally found away from water and prefers a diet of invertebrates, rather than fish.
See you out on the game drive soon.
It is hard to imagine that we are half way through the year, when it still feels like we celebrated new year’s yesterday. I now know why people always say that time flies when you are having fun! The winter is finally here and we had a few very crisp mornings and some chilly evenings.
The sightings were absolutely out of this world and we’ve had so many wonderful sightings. We were very fortunate to tee the wild dogs on a regular basis. Their den is just outside our traversing area and they move through our area on a regular basis to hunt. They will move though the area almost every 2-3 days, in search of food. Unfortunately, they do not stay very long, as they need to go and feed the alpha female, who is patiently waiting at the den. Zebra, giraffe, wildebeest, kudu, nyala and so much more were also out in their numbers. The night life was also out and about and we saw a lot of porcupines, civets, genets and even a pangolin.
The leopard dynamics in the area are still changing. There is a lot of changes happening amongst the males and females in the area. Salayexe is still expanding her empire and moving all over the show. It was really hard to find and follow her, as she was on the move the whole time. The only time that she was sitting still was when she had a kill. There are two young ladies still moving around in Salayexe’s territory and that is Nchila and Tiyani. Although these two ladies are family of Salayexe, there is no love lost between them. Salayexe will not tolerate any other female in her territory, even if it is family. Nsele was seen only once this month, without her daughter. Nsele is looking great and she is very healthy. I think it is not going to be too long before she will have a new litter of cubs. Moya and her cub have really surprised us, as they moved into the area on a regular basis. It is great to see these two beautiful cats moving in the area. Both are super relaxed with the vehicles moving around them. I just hope that she will stay clear of her aunt, Salayexe. Shadow and her cub were also seen this month with an impala kill. The cub is still very shy, taking after mom, and does not like a lot of vehicle movement around her. It will still take a while before the cub will become more relaxed with the vehicles. Although these two cats are so elusive, they are still very beautiful. Nchila is becoming a really beautiful cat. She still hasn’t found a territory of her own yet, but she is still looking around and weighing up her options. Nchila had another run in with her grandmother, Salayexe, and this time it was serious. Salayexe did not pack out any tea and cookies, as she made sure Nchila understood who the boss of the area is. We will have to wait and see where this young cat will end up. Tiyani has moved back into her mother, Salayexe’s, territory. Like a naughty teenager she does not respect the boundaries and rules. Once again, these two cats had another fight and like all the other times Salayexe came out on top again. Tiyani is really oblivious to the danger that she is in as she continues to stay in mom’s territory. Tingana is still spending the majority of his time on the eastern part of his territory, which is understandable. Overall Tingana is very healthy and in great shape. It is only time before Tingana and Anderson will meet again. Anderson is still expanding his territory more east, taking more and more of Tingana’s territory on the western side. This male is still looking absolutely fantastic. Although he has been more like a ghost this last month, we still had some great sightings of him.
We had such great sightings of these big cats this month. Just when you think it can’t get any better, it does. There is a lot of changes about to happen in the near future regarding the lion prides in our area. We were so fortunate to see the tailless female and her two cubs for the first time. It was such a wonderful surprise when the call echoed over the radio about the tailless female and her group having been spotted. Unfortunately, they did not stay very long before moving south again, out of our traversing area. Her twin sister and her group have spent a lot of their time in our traversing area. This might be due to the continuous changes of the lion dynamics between the male lions in the southern part of the park. With all these changes happening, it might cause the Tsalala females to move back north. The Tsalala pride is looking absolutely great and the 15-year-old twins are doing a great job in keeping the rest of the pride safe. The Styx pride is also looking great and we also saw them a few times this month. They were also seen deep in Tsalala territory. This pride is eating really well and the cubs always have full bellies. The Styx females killed two aardvarks the one evening, so you can just imagine the mixed emotions from the guides and guests when we saw this. Unfortunately, lions do not have a certain food criteria, as anything will do to feed themselves and the cubs. It is good to see that the Birmingham males are still spending a lot of their time with this pride. The Nkuhuma pride is also looking great and very healthy. We were so fortunate to see this pride so often this month. This pride has spent so much time around our lodge area and even more south than that. The pride has moved all the way to our southern boundary, which is very far into the Tsalala territory. It really looks like this pride wants to expand their territory more south, but with the Tsalala pride moving back north, we will have to see what happens. The 4 Birmingham brothers are also moving more and more south and west. They are slowly moving into old Majingi territory, but doing so very cautiously, as they were chased out a few times by the Majingi males. Everything is connected in some way and if the Birmingham males take over this area, it will mean that the Tsalala pride will be in the line of fire. At this stage, the only thing that we can do is wait and see how this story will unfold.
The buffalo sightings were not that great this month, as there is still no sign of the big herds. We have seen a small group of about 20-50 individuals making a quick appearance before moving on again. It is always great to see a herd of buffaloes and it doesn’t matter if it is big or small. Buffalo herds will always vary in size, this is due to the area and food and water supplies. Once again, the old dagga boys came to our rescue this month. It was still a challenge to find them, before the lions. As soon as buffaloes realize that lions are on their trail, they quickly disappear again. Unfortunately for the buffaloes, the majority of the lion prides in the area specialize in hunting buffaloes.
We once again had very memorable elephant sightings this month. These big heavyweights are moving all over the area. Elephants do not have a fixed territory like lions or leopards, but rather a home range. The breeding herds that we saw this month was only between 10-20 individuals. We saw a few different herds quenching their thirst in front of our lodge. It is great to see all the babies in the herds, which mean that the herds are doing well and that they are healthy. There were not a lot of big bulls in the area this month, but we still had our fair share of big elephant bull sightings. One big elephant bull really stood out from the rest of the bulls we saw. We were very fortunate to see the bull on more than one occasion. His body size was absolutely mind blowing and although he did not have very big tusks, he was still a giant amongst giants.
This month’s special sighting was to see a young pangolin on drive. What made it even more special was that we saw him on four different occasions. Pangolins are very secretive animals and they are mostly nocturnal as well. This young male walked around in day time and he was so relaxed with the vehicles. It was so nice to see him so many times in this month, let’s hope we can continue this lucky streak in July.
Did you know?
Pangolins are the only mammals in the world, covered in scales.
See you out on the game drive soon.
With the impala rutting season in full swing, there is no shortage in the action department. Broken horns, bloody faces and puncture wounds on their bodies are only a few signs of the fights this month. These bloody battles can even be heard late at night, as the sound of males rutting and the clash of horns echoes through the night. The sightings were just out of this world and we were again so fortunate to see the African wild dogs this month. We also had great interaction between the wild dogs and the hyenas that kept us on the edge of our seats. The night life is just getting better and better as the temperature is changing. With the winter chill upon us the African civet, genet, porcupine and even caracal was out and about and they start much earlier in the evenings to look for food. The average maximum temperature for the month was 29°C and we had 13mm of rain.
If one would ask me to describe the leopard sightings this month in one word, it would be spectacular.
Salayexe was seen a lot this month and she expanded her empire even more this month. She has the biggest territory of all the females in the Northern Sabi Sand Wildtuin. Salayexe is all over the show as she tries to patrol her enormous territory. At this stage, there is no another female in the area strong enough to challenge her for territory.
Tiyani, was seen a few times this month moving back and forth into her mother’s territory. She is growing in confidence and moving more into Shadow’s territory as well. Tiyani killed an impala male the one day and hoisted the kill into a big marula tree. The impala male would normally feed her for a few days, but it did not happen this way. The smell of a fresh kill was picked up by her mother and she homed in towards the kill. Salayexe made sure Tiyani knows who is the boss and who the kill belongs to. After Salayexe had her fill she came down the tree and moved on again. Tiyani was pushed more south into Moya’s territory. Tiyani is a survivor and a fighter, so I am sure that we will see her again in the near future.
The young Ingrid Dam female was also seen a few times this month moving around. She is still in the area that belonged to the late Kwatile. It is always great to see this young female moving all over the show. It will be awesome if she can settle down in that area.
Nchila was also seen a few times this month. This is a beautiful female and it is great to have her back in the area. The only problem here is that she is currently in her grandmother’s territory. As we all know too well, Salayexe does not like any intruders in her territory, even if it is family. Like Ingrid Dam and Tiyani, Nchila is also looking for a place to call home and being 3 years old now she will start looking for a male soon. The other problem is that her father, Anderson is still the dominant male in this area so things might still change.
Nsele and her cub was also seen a few times in the area and both are looking great. The cub has grown so much in size and in confidence. She is a great cat to view and a real poser for the camera, with so much confidence. Moya and her cub was also seen this month in our area. She was seen moving and sniffing around her aunt, Salayexe’s, territory. Moya has a territory on the southern boundary of Salayexe’s territory. Moya and her cub are looking great and it was our first time to see the cub. Thandi and Thamba was also seen a few times this month. Thamba has turned into a wonderful cat with a great personality. Thandi has done a tremendously good job in raising this cub and it looks like he might make it to adulthood.
Shadow and her cub was also seen this month. She has been moving the cub around a lot this month, to and away from kills. The cub is still very shy, but if you just wait a while you will be rewarded with an awesome sighting.
Hosana was also seen a few times this month and he is doing well for himself. We saw him with a big male impala kill in a tree. This just shows that he’s got the ability to hunt for himself. One good thing is that the area which he moves around in does not have a resident hyena clan to steal his food.
Tingana was also seen often this month. He spends the majority of his time in the centre of his territory and did not move very far west which was very confusing for us at first. After we saw Anderson scent marking all over the western part of Tingana’s territory, it made sense.
Anderson is expanding again and has already taken a big chunk of Tingana’s territory to the west. This big brut of a male has decided he wants more. With Anderson pushing more east poor Shadow also needs to go more east as the life of her cub is now hanging in the balance.
We had a big surprise this month, as half of the Tsalala pride came to visit us in our area. They did not stay for very long before they crossed out of our traversing area again to the core of their territory. This was great to see them again as they do not usually venture this far up because they do not have any pride males anymore. Fingers crossed that the little ones who were sired by the Matimba males will make it to adulthood. This will be difficult, but these females have showed us that it is possible to raise cubs to independence without a pride male.
The Styx pride is doing really well and the cubs are growing up very fast. The three females are looking absolutely great and doing really well in supporting the cubs and feeding them. It is great to see that the cubs are doing well and if all goes well the pride might grow with another four females. One good thing is that the Birmingham males are very involved with the Styx pride.
The Nkuhuma pride is looking great and it is a pleasure to view them. The female with the amber eyes is far pregnant and we cannot wait to see the new bundles of fluff. The rest of the cubs also look very healthy and they are growing really fast. The Nkuhuma females are moving more and more west and south, looking to expand their territory. This will be great for them and for us if they take over this area around our lodge.
The Birmingham males are also expanding and they are also moving more west and south with the Nkuhuma pride. Finally, they have started moving around again as a unit. Maybe just for now, as they are expanding their territory. Let’s hope that they will succeed in taking over this area that once belonged to the mighty Majingi males.
The buffalo sightings were absolutely great. We had a big breeding herd of about sixty individuals moving in and out of our area. They came into the area but did not stay for very long before they moved on again. This is common for herds, whether it is big or small. They all have one thing in common and that is finding enough food for all of them. Luckily for us we had a small bachelor group of buffalo bulls who stayed around our area. Once again this was short lived as the Nkuhuma pride tracked them down and killed one. This send the other males running and crossing out of our area for good. One would think that these guys are too big to be taken down by anything, but lions are the apex predators of the bush.
The elephants are back in their numbers and we had a great time with these gentle giants. Evidence of these big animals are scattered all over the roads. As the grass is getting dryer and less palatable for the elephants, they turn their attention more towards the trees and shrubs. For their big bodies, elephants consume a lot of vegetation each day. We had a few big males in the area as well this month. These big boys had one thing on their mind: finding the female groups to mate. We also saw a few younger males that were recently pushed out of their family groups. These young males will sometimes join forces with other young males, who were also pushed out of their herds by their mothers.
One crisp evening we were on our way back to the lodge after a wonderful drive. We came around a corner and there it was, a juvenile caracal! It did not give us any chance to get a picture before it went straight into the tall grass disappearing into the darkness.
Did you know?
Elephants have a really large appetite and can spend up to eighteen hours a day feeding.
See you out on the game drive soon.
April was another exciting month to be out in the bush. The rutting season started and the Impala males were quite busy sizing each other up. At this stage, we have not seen a lot of full-blown fights yet. I think that the males will really start battling it out next month, when the rutting season is in full swing. We experienced our first proper cold front during April. There is a definite change in the weather. The early mornings and late afternoons are getting really chilly, as the sun disappears behind the horizon. We have put the blankets back onto the vehicles to help relieve the cooler mornings and late afternoons. The average maximum temperature was 30°C, with 41mm of rain. We were very fortunate to see a pack of 14 wild dogs, as well as the pack of three who moved though our area for a few days. Game viewing was just incredible and we saw a lot of action out in the bush.
During the past month, these beautiful spotted cats made sure that we worked hard for great sightings. That said, the overall sightings were both unbelievable and mind blowing.
We finally found Tiyani, after she was absent from the area for a few weeks. She was seen scent marking all over our southern boundary. The area where she was seen, belongs to her cousin Moya, so the question that remains to be answered is where is Moya? At this stage, it will be great to see Tiyani getting a territory for herself, but this area might not be the best for her at this stage.
Salayexe is still moving all over the area, scent marking her territory and making sure that none of the young ladies try and take a part of her area. Salayexe is still a formidable force to be reckoned with and if any female would dare to challenge her they must know one thing, she will not go down without a fight. This old lady is still looking very healthy and eating really well.
Nsele and her cub were also seen a lot this month and they are both looking great. The majority of the times we saw them, they were apart from each other. This is mum’s way of letting the young female know that she needs to start hunting in order to survive. The young female tried catching various things, but it did not work out for her. She soon realised there are no specific skills needed to catch a tortoise, but you need to have skills to open the meal. Birds, giant land snails and mongoose were all very high on the list of potential preys, but not very high in the “ample food” category. This is a good learning curve for the young female and hopefully she can learn from her mistakes.
Thandi and her cub were also seen a lot this month. This young male is looking really great and he is lucky to have a great mother like Thandi, to provide him with food. With him growing fast and getting bigger by the day, Thandi needs to hunt more often.
Hosana and Xongile are also looking great and they are very healthy. These two young leopards have the ability to hunt and kill something on their own, as they have shown us so many times before. The area they are hanging around in has nice and dense vegetation, with a lot of waterholes and loads of antelope.
The Ingrid Dam female was also seen a few times this month and it is great to see that she is still hanging around the area. She also had a tough time with Salayexe, moving all over the area and letting her know who the boss really is. The young Ingrid Dam female has moved into an area once occupied by Kwatile. After the death of Kwatile that piece of her old territory became a no man’s land. This is great for the young female, as she does not have to fight another female for a territory at this stage.
It is so far, all good with the male leopards in the area and both Tingana and Anderson are not expanding at the moment. Both these males were low on the radar this month.
The lion sightings were absolutely great. We were very fortunate to see lions on a regular basis. The lion dynamics are currently very interesting and there are loads of changes bound to happen. Like everything else, change is not always a bad thing. I think everyone will surely agree with me when I say that the last few months were very interesting, regarding the different lion prides in the area.
The Styx pride is still doing great and the six cubs are looking very healthy at the moment. The three ladies are doing a great job hunting and providing food for the rest of the pride. The four youngest cubs are also eating meat and they are such a joy to watch, as they fight each other for a piece of meat. The four little ones still do not know where the boundaries are regarding dad’s personal space. It is great to watch these cubs interacting with the rest of the pride. Fingers crossed that all six cubs can survive and that the pride will grow and become stronger.
The Nkuhuma pride is doing very well for themselves and they are still very healthy. We were again very fortunate to have them stay in our area for quite some time. I might be mistaken, but it looks like the milk glands of one of the females are swollen. This will be great for the pride if she is pregnant and the pride can grow with a few more members. All five females are looking very healthy and well fed. The six cubs are also looking healthy as they always have something to eat, thanks to their mothers. The Nkuhuma pride is busy expanding their territory, as we saw them in front of our lodge with a few impala kills. After finishing the kills, they moved back north, scent marking as they went along. Due to the absence of the Tsalala pride, the area around our lodge became neglected and up for grabs. There are definitely interesting times awaiting us in the near future.
The Birmingham males are definitely in the prime of their lives now and they are looking very healthy. They still split up from time to time, but have spent a lot more time together this month than previously. One thing that we noticed is that when they do split up, one will go to the Styx pride and two will go to the Nkuhuma pride, the remaining one will float between the two prides.
The buffalo sightings are starting to pick up quite a bit. There are more and more evidence of herds moving into our area at night, but by the next day they have already left the area. This is strange behaviour for these bulk grazers, as there is so much grass in the area. There must be another reason. We were very fortunate to see a herd of about 200 buffaloes which moved through the area. This was again short lived, as the herd moved out of our traversing area the following day. We soon realised that we are not the only ones to get all excited when the herds move into the area. Every time a herd or a few dagga boys move into the area the lions are on their spoor. This was the reason why the buffaloes did not stay for very long before moving on again. This is a battle that has been going on for years between lions and buffaloes, this is the battle for survival.
We once again had such a great time with these big heavyweights in our area. There were really loads of herds to choose from and we did not need to go very far from the lodge itself. Out of all the herds that we saw this month moving through our area, we only saw two really small babies of a few months old. There are a lot of the big females who are far pregnant at the moment. All the herds spend a lot of their time feasting on the last bit of the green grass in the area. In the next few months one will notice a lot more damage to the trees, as this will be the main food source for the elephants. In the summer season the elephant’s diet consists of 98% grass and in the winter, it is 90% trees. There were also many big bulls moving through the area. These big males were all in full musth and really grumpy. This made viewing the herds really interesting. It is always such an experience to see these big animals feeding and interacting with each other.
The special sighting this month was when we saw a mother porcupine with her two very small babies on drive the one evening. Unfortunately, we did not manage to get a single photo of the babies, but still, it was amazing to see them.
Did you know?
Another name for a herd of elephants is a memory of elephants. Quite an apt description of spending time with these gentle giants of the African bush.
See you out on the game drive soon.
It was yet another spectacular month to be out in the bush. The sightings were action packed and full of surprises. The general game like zebra, giraffe, wildebeest, kudu, waterbuck and so much more came out to play and provided some really memorable sightings! We were very lucky to see all these wonderful animals out on the open areas in our traversing area. When you visit a game reserve, always remember that it is not just the Big5 animals that you have to see – the other animals are also very special! The night life was definitely fruitful, with great sightings, including bush babies, chameleons, genets, mongoose and civets. We also had some great owl sightings this month and got to spend time with the giant eagle owl, spotted eagle owl, white-face scops owl, pearl spotted owlet, scops owlet and loads of nightjars. The temperatures are slowly changing. There were a few very windy days, but still some pleasantly warm days. The average maximum temperature for March was 32°C, with a very welcome 33mm of rain.
With the leopard sightings, there were no holding back and we had a great time with these beautiful, spotted cats. The sightings we had were any photographers dream. Our resident female, Salayexe, is still looking great and she is moving all over her territory, scent marking and announcing her presence. She is focusing a lot more on her newly claimed territory, making sure that no one else attempts to take it back from her. Tiyani is also moving around all over the show and Salayexe is not making life easy for her. Just when she thinks she got a little territory of her own, mother rocks up to throw everything upside down. She settled down in the far north-eastern part of Salayexe’s territory for two months and then we found her on the border of the south-eastern part of mother’s territory. Hopefully Salayexe settles down and lets Tiyani stay in the north-eastern part of her territory. Nsele and her cub are both looking great and very healthy. We saw them on a regular basis this month, which was great. Nsele is still very protective of her daughter. Usually, when a cub is older than a year, there is tension between mother and cub. A mother leopard always has a different reaction towards a female cub, than what she would have towards a male cub. Mothers will have a closer bond with their sons than their daughters. Kurula and her two cubs are just a treat to watch. Hosana, the male cub is dominating his sister, Xongile, when they play. Saying that, when two cubs play, they are actually practising their skill to one day be successful hunters. These two cubs are spending a lot of time on their own, while Kurula leaves them to go and hunt. Kurula needs to hunt a lot more now that she has two growing, one year old cubs, that needs a lot of food. Finally, we saw one of Shadows cubs this month. It is unclear if she lost the one cub, as we only saw one cub every time. The cub is very skittish and not at all relaxed with vehicles moving towards it. This cub will be our biggest challenge to habituate as yet and Shadow is not really helping at all by constantly moving around. Let’s hope that the cub will survive and that we could get it used to the vehicles. Thandi and her son is doing great and the little boy is very relaxed with the vehicles around him. When Thandi has small cubs, she is over protective and will not hesitate to charge when you get too close. When the cubs get older, she will definitely get more relaxed with us around them. Thandi is also an amazing mother and it will be great if this youngster will survive to independence. Tingana is still moving all over the show, patrolling his territory. It looks like his north-western border is safe for now as Anderson has other priorities at the moment. There was a new male, the River Bank Male, who moved around the area. This male was born in 2009, but does not have an established territory. He is a nomad, moving from one area to the next. He moved around in Anderson’s territory and made the big male work hard in order to try and find him. Anderson moved all over the eastern part of his territory, looking for the intruder. If Anderson finds him, the fight would be epic.
Red-crested korhaan by Morné Fouché
It was yet another great lion month, with unbelievable sightings. The Styx pride is looking great and the cubs have a healthier appearance than before. The female with the small cubs do not move around with the rest as much. Although the rest of the pride have to go and hunt from time to time, they still spend a lot of time at the den. This pride is very successful when it comes to hunting and feeding the pride. The Nkuhuma pride is looking great and the six cubs are growing up fast. We have not seen the five females together a lot this month, as they have split up quite a few times. The two females without the cubs were seen hunting wildebeest in front of our lodge the one evening, while the rest of the pride was very far from them. The three females and the six cubs have been moving around our area for the whole month. They are venturing further west onto our property and doing so with more confidence. With the absence of the Tsalala pride in the area, it makes this territory fair game to any other pride. The Birmingham males are looking great and very healthy. It looks like these males will only join forces if they know other males have entered their territory. One of the males are always with the Styx pride, while the other three also splits up to join other prides. This month two of the four males got a rude awakening when two of the Majingi males chased them out of their own territory. If all four Birmingham males were together, it would have been a different story against the two older Majingi males. Hopefully the Birmingham males have now realised the importance of strength in numbers.
Elephant herd by Morné Fouché
We were fortunate to see a small breeding herd of about thirty buffaloes moving through the area. With the wonderful rain we’ve had over the past few months, all the water holes and mud wallows are still full. This also made the bush lush and in some areas the grass comes up to your hip. This means there is enough food around so that the buffaloes do not need to move very far to ample food supplies. We are full of hope that the big herds are still going to make a turn in our area in the next few months… The buffalo bulls have moved into our area and stayed in our traversing area for the entire month. It was nice having the bachelor groups and also the old dagga boys in the area. The bachelor herds that we saw had anywhere from five to ten bulls together, where the old dagga boys were in smaller groups of one to three bulls. We also saw two females who were accompanied by three males in our area and stayed here for a few days before moving on again. This might be another splinter group who got separated from a main herd by a pride of lions.
Tiyani the female leopard by Louis Liversage
The elephant sightings were just unbelievable this month. It looks like all the elephants have returned to our area to enjoy the last of the marula fruits. We did not have any problems finding a nice breeding herd of elephants on drive, as they were all over the area. There is so much grass for these big heavyweights to eat at this stage. They need to bulk up with as much food as possible in the rainy season, as they can lose up to 10% of their body weight during the dry months. The females with small babies will have to eat a lot more, as they need to produce milk for the little ones. This month we were again very fortunate to see so many big males in the area. The majority of these big males were all in must and trailing the female groups. It is impressive to see these big males towering above the females in height. A big male is almost double the weight of the females and can reach three meters to the shoulder in height.
The special sighting was to see Shadow’s cub for the first time. Although the cub is not very relaxed with the vehicles it was still great to see him/her. Being Shadow’s cub, habituating the cub would be sure to be our biggest challenge yet. But I am sure that we will slowly but surely get there…
Did you know?
The waterbuck is the most water dependent off all antelope species.
See you out on the game drive soon.