Big 5 Sightings 01 to 07 December 2014

The Big 5 highlight of the week was to see sixteen wild dogs moving east from Shirley’s open area

Wild dog pups waiting for the pack to return after a hunt - Dawie Jacobs

Wild dog pups waiting for the pack to return after a hunt – Dawie Jacobs

Monday, 1 December 2014
(28ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants moving west from EP driveway
  • One buffalo bull resting at Gaby’s Crossing
  • One Nkuhuma male lion still feeding on his buffalo kill at Simbambili Dam
  • One elephant bull feeding on Zebra Drive
  • Another elephant bull feeding on Seepline
  • Another elephant bull feeding at Simbambili Dam
  • A breeding herd of about 100 buffalo’s feeding on Marula Bult

 

Tuesday, 2 December 2014
(29ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about 80 buffalo’s feeding on Seepline
  • A breeding herd of about thirty elephants feeding on Rocky Road
  • Another breeding herd of about forty elephants feeding on A-main
  • Mvula, the male leopard, feeding on an impala kill on Little Gowrie driveway
  • Another breeding herd of about 80 buffalo’s feeding on Rhino Ring South
  • One buffalo bull feeding at Leeukuil
  • Another breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Kudu Drift

 

Wednesday, 3 December 2014
(30ºC)

  • Four buffalo bulls feeding on 2nd Windmill
  • Three buffalo bulls resting at Kraaines
  • Five Birmingham male lions resting south of Simbambili Dam
  • Quarantine, the male leopard, resting at Treehouse Pan
  • A breeding herd of about thirty elephants moving west from Big Dam
  • One elephant bull drinking water at Big Dam
  • A breeding herd of about 80 buffalo’s feeding west of Big Dam
Quarantine the male leopard - Dawie Jacobs

Quarantine the male leopard – Dawie Jacobs

Thursday, 4 December 2014
(33ºC)

  • Five Birmingham male lions resting on Horseshoe East
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding at Serengeti Pan
  • The Tsalala lion pride feeding on a buffalo kill at Big Dam
  • Four buffalo bulls feeding on A-main
  • Salayexe, the female leopard, resting on EP driveway
  • Another breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Our Southern Boundary
  • Anderson, the male leopard, mating with Nsele, the female leopard, on Our Western Boundary

 

Friday, 5 December 2014
(31ºC, 0.5mm)

  • A pack of about sixteen wild dogs moving east from Shirley’s
  • The Tsalala lion pride still on their buffalo kill at Big Dam
  • Three buffalo bulls resting on Sixes Road
  • One elephant bull feeding at Big Dam
  • Five Birmingham male lions resting on Eastern Bank Manyeleti
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Kudu Drift
  • A breeding herd of about 100 buffalo’s feeding on Marula Bult
  • Two buffalo bulls feeding on Our Southern Boundary

 

Saturday, 6 December2014
(28ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on MMM South
  • Another breeding herd of about thirty elephants feeding on Saseka Road
  • One buffalo bull feeding on Our Southern Boundary
  • One Nkuhuma male lion resting on Marula Bult Central
Hippo returning after a graze - Dawie Jacobs

Hippo returning after a graze – Dawie Jacobs

Sunday, 7 December 2014
(28ºC, 6mm)

  • Five Birmingham male lions hunting buffalo’s on 1st Windmill Road
  • One Nkuhuma male lion resting on Seepline Road
  • A breeding herd of about thirty elephants feeding on Chestnut open area
  • Eight buffalo bulls resting at Kraaines Pan
  • Shadow, the female leopard, moving east with her cub on Tjololo Road
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Big 5 Sightings 24 to 30 November 2014

The Big 5 highlight of the week was to see the Nkuhuma male lion feasting on an adult buffalo cow at Simbambili Dam

Nkuhuma male lion on a buffalo kill - Jonathan Vogel

Nkuhuma male lion on a buffalo kill – Jonathan Vogel

Monday, 24 November 2014
(36ºC, 19mm rain)

  • Thandi, the female leopard, and her two cubs feeding on an impala kill on Gowrie Main
  • Ten buffalo bulls moving north from Gowrie Main
  • Five lionesses of the Nkuhuma pride, at Treehouse Pan
  • Five Birmingham male lions hunting and killing a juvenile buffalo on EP/Simbambili cutline
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Pungwe open area
  • A breeding herd of about two hundred buffaloes feeding on Rhulani Road
  • Another breeding herd of about sixty elephants feeding on Rhino Ring East

 

Tuesday, 25 November 2014
(27ºC)

  • Thandi, the female leopard, and her cubs still feeding on the impala kill on Gowrie Main
  • Quarantine, the young male leopard, stalking impalas on Little Gowrie driveway
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Little Gowrie driveway
  • A breeding herd of about two hundred buffaloes feeding on Madash Road
  • Another breeding herd of about eighty buffaloes feeding at 1st Windmill
  • Five Birmingham male lions resting on Rhulani Road

 

Wednesday, 26 November 2014
(28ºC)

  • The Breakaway lion pride with one Majingi male lion resting on EP driveway
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding and swimming at Big Dam
  • Another breeding herd of about fifteen elephants feeding on 1st Windmill
  • A breeding herd of about two hundred buffaloes feeding around 16th Crossing
  • Inkanyeni, and her two cubs feeding on an impala kill on Nkorho open area
Breakaway female lion grooming - Jonathan Vogel

Breakaway female lion grooming – Jonathan Vogel

Thursday, 27 November 2014
(29ºC)

  • Three buffalo bulls resting at Bushcamp Pan
  • Two buffalo bulls feeding on Rhulani Road
  • Four elephants feeding on Horseshoe West
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Madash
  • Tingana, the male leopard, resting on Safari Donga North
  • Another breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on EP open area
  • Another breeding herd of about thirty elephants feeding on Madash

Friday, 28 November 2014
(34ºC)

  • The Breakaway lion pride resting on our Southern boundary
  • Two elephant bulls swimming in the water at Big Dam
  • A breeding herd of about thirty elephants feeding at the Rocks
  • Another breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on EP open area
  • An Nkuhuma male lion on a buffalo kill at Simbambili Dam
  • Another breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Kudu Drift
  • Four buffalo bulls feeding on Kudu Drift

 

Saturday, 29 November 2014
(26ºC)

  • Five Birmingham male lions on a buffalo kill on Gowrie Main
  • The Breakaway lion pride resting on Madash Road
  • An Nkuhuma male lion still on his buffalo kill at Simbambili Dam
  • One unknown female leopard resting on Simbambili firebreak
  • A breeding herd of about two hundred buffaloes feeding south of The Rocks
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding at Seregeti Pan
Elephant bulls - Jonathan Vogel

Elephant bulls – Jonathan Vogel

Sunday, 30 November 2014
(27ºC, 36mm rain)

  • Anderson, the male leopard, moving west from Francolin Road
  • An Nkuhuma male lion still on the buffalo kill at Simbambili Dam
  • A breeding herd of about fifty buffaloes feeding around Horseshoe open area
  • Shadow, the female leopard and her two cubs feeding on a duiker kill on Old Bore Hole
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Marula Bult South
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All you need to know about sunscreen

Most of us enjoy lying in the sun in order to achieve that nice, tanned look. We should, however, be aware of the damage sunbathing can cause. Your skin type is an important factor in determining the extent of skin damage you are prone to experience. People with fair skin are more vulnerable to the negative effects of the sun. Darker skin types can also be damaged, but to a lesser extent. Our skin goes darker when we sunbath, due to the skin forming a substance called melanin. Melanin makes our skin darker, but it also serves as the skin’s own sun protection. Because the melanin count in our bodies varies from one individual to the next, some people might sunburn easier than others. People that produce less melanin are normally the ones who burn more easily and who also have a higher risk of contracting skin cancer.

Remember sunscreen. Especially at the sea.

Remember sunscreen. Especially at the sea.

Sunscreens work in various ways and it is difficult to decide which one to use. Some sunscreens have a chemical filter. This means that it penetrates the skin and absorbs the sun’s rays. Therefore it does not reach into the deeper layers of the skin and it also doesn’t cause sun damage. Then we also get sunscreen that has a physical filter. This is one that lays a thin layered membrane on top of the skin, reflecting the sun’s rays.

The most important thing to look for, when purchasing sunscreen, is that it is labeled as a “broad spectrum”. This type of sunscreen provides both UVA and UVB protection. UVB burns the top layer of your skin, causing sunburn and cell damage. UVA, on the other hand, doesn’t burn the top layer of the skin, but penetrates deeper, causing ageing and skin cancer.
Like most beauty products, sunscreen also has a shelf life. Heat and bacteria can have a negative influence on your sunscreen’s effectiveness and it is therefore a good idea to buy a new sunscreen every year. Hopefully you use yours often enough so that it doesn’t last this long! The ideal place to store your sunscreen is the refrigerator. Prolonged exposure to the sun can decrease the protective properties of sunscreen.

Physical & Chemical Sunscreen

Physical & Chemical Sunscreen

Here are some interesting facts:

1. It takes less time to be exposed to the same amount of solar energy at midday, compared to early morning or late evening,      because the sun is more intense at midday relative to the other times. UV rays are at their strongest between 12:00 and 16:00.
2. Sunscreens vary in their ability to protect against UVA and UVB. Most sunscreens with an SPF of 15 or higher do an excellent  job of protecting against UVB. SPF — or Sun Protection Factor — is a measure of a sunscreen’s ability to prevent UVB from  damaging the skin. Here’s how it works: If it takes 20 minutes for your unprotected skin to start turning red, using an SPF 15  sunscreen theoretically prevents reddening 15 times longer — about five hours.
3. Sand reflects 25 percent of the sun’s rays.
4. Skin burns more quickly at high elevations.
5. Near the equator, the sun’s rays don’t have to travel as far as they do in more northern latitudes to reach the ground, so they    deliver more sun-burning UV rays per minute of exposure.
6. Cool and refreshing, water seems like the antidote to sunburn. But its reflectiveness can increase UV intensity by up to 50 percent, leading to both a painful burn and long-term skin damage. In shallow water, the sun’s rays can even reflect off the ocean’s sandy bottom, further increasing UV exposure.
7. Snow is one of the most reflective surfaces out there, bouncing back up to 80 percent of the sun’s rays. That puts skiers and snowboarders in a double burn zone, with damaging ultraviolet rays showering down from above and rebounding from below.
8. You can get serious sun damage even when it’s an overcast day. When the sky is partly cloudy, your risk of sunburn can be even higher than on a clear day, because the clouds act to magnify the overall UV radiation. And while a more even cloud cover will block a significant amount of UVB rays (sunburn) up to 80 percent of the long-spectrum UVA rays (aging, wrinkling and cancer) can get through clouds and fog.
9. While UVB rays are the strongest during summer, UVA rays remain constant throughout the year. UVA rays account for up to 95 percent of the UV radiation reaching the earth’s surface. Although they are less intense than UVB, UVA rays are 30 – 50 times more prevalent, and go through glass, making sun protection necessary indoors, as well as out.

As the December holidays are nearing, it is therefore a good idea to invest in a good broad spectrum sunscreen. Remember to generously apply often in order to minimize the negative effects of being outdoors in the sun.

Enjoy your holiday!

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Big 5 Sightings 17 to 23 November 2014

The Big 5 highlight of the week was to see one of the Matimba male lions mating with a young lioness at Anette’s Dam

Mating lions - Morné Fouché

Mating lions – Morné Fouché

Monday, 17 November 2014
(28ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about 20 elephants feeding on Safron Road
  • Four Birmingham male lions resting on the western side of Madash Road
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffaloes feeding on EP/Shirley’s cutline
  • Kwatile, the female leopard, resting on Waps open area
  • Kwatile, the female leopard’s son resting on MMM South

 

Tuesday, 18 November 2014
(28ºC)

  • Four Birmingham male lions resting on Road 7
  • Quarantine, the young male leopard, moving north from Wessels old driveway
  • A breeding herd of about 20 elephants feeding on Madash Road
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffaloes feeding close to Horseshoe open area
  • Xivambalana, the male leopard feeding on an impala kill on Kaalkol East

 

Wednesday, 19 November 2014
(29ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about 100 buffaloes resting on EP open area
  • One elephant bull feeding on Marula Bult Central
  • Four Birmingham male lions resting on Eatern Bank Marikeng
  • Salayexe, the female leopard, stalking bushbuck on EP floodplain
  • One cheetah female scent marking on Central Road
  • A breeding herd of about 40 elephants feeding on Central Road
  • Thandi and Kwatile having a territorial dispute at Ingwe Pan
  • Five buffalo bulls feeding on Gowrie Main
Birmingham male lions - Morné Fouché

Birmingham male lions – Morné Fouché

Thursday, 20 November 2014
(34ºC)

  • Salayexe, the female leopard, moving north from Serengeti Pan
  • A breeding herd of about 15 elephants feeding around Rampan
  • The Tsalala lion pride resting on our Southern boundary
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffaloes feeding on Rhulani Road
  • Two elephant bulls moving south from Wetpatch Road
  • Ten buffalo bulls feeding on our Southern boundary

 

Friday, 21 November 2014
(27ºC, 18mm rain)

  • Bahuti, the male leopard, stalking impalas at Treehouse Pan
  • The Talamati lion pride resting at Nkorho Pan
  • Four Birmingham male lions resting on Simbambili Road
  • Ten buffalo bulls resting at Simbambili dam
  • One elephant bull, feeding on Horseshoe East
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffaloes feeding on Madash Road
  • Another breeding herd of about 30 buffaloes feeding on Ngala open area
  • Another breeding herd of about 80 elephants feeding on Wetpatch

 

Saturday, 22 November 2014
(32ºC)

  • Four Birmingham male lions resting on Tjololo Road
  • Three buffalo bulls resting at Kraaines
  • A breeding herd of about 20 elephants feeding at Serengeti Crossing
  • One elephant bull feeding on Sawmill Road
  • A breeding herd of about 30 buffaloes feeding on Shomboma Road
  • Bahuti, the young male leopard on an impala kill at Treehouse Pan
  • One of the Matimba male lions mating with a young lioness at Anette’s Dam
  • Eight buffalo bulls resting at Baboon Pan
Buffalo cow with white head - Morné Fouché

Buffalo cow with white head – Morné Fouché

Sunday, 23 November 2014
(34ºC)

  • A breeding herd of about 200 buffaloes feeding on 16th Crossing
  • Another breeding herd of about 30 buffaloes feeding on Wetpatch open area
  • A breeding herd of about 40 elephants feeding on Zebra Drive
  • One elephant bull feeding on Old Borehole Road
  • Another breeding herd of about 30 buffaloes feeding on Rhino Ring North
  • Five Birmingham male lions on a buffalo kill on Scops Owl Crossing
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Big 5 Sightings 10 November to 16 November 2014

The Big 5 highlight of the week was to see four Birmingham male lions scent marking at Serengeti open area.

Birmingham male lions - Dawie Jacobs

Birmingham male lions – Dawie Jacobs

Monday, 10 November 2014

(35ºC, 16mm)

  • One buffalo bull resting at Kraaines Pan
  • Four buffalo bulls resting at Serengeti Pan
  • Bahuti, the male leopard, feeding on a bushbuck kill east of Cheetah Plains driveway
  • A breeding herd of about ten elephants feeding on Safari airstrip
  • One buffalo bull feeding on Gowrie Main

 

Tuesday, 11 November 2014

(25ºC)

 

  • Breakaway lion pride resting on Konkoni Road
  • Tingana, the male leopard, resting on Lowveld Link Road
  • Bahuti, the male leopard, resting up in a tree on Xinzele Road
  • A breeding herd of about 200 buffalo’s feeding on Tsololo Road
  • One elephant bull feeding on Road 7
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Gowrie Main
  • Two elephant bulls feeding at Black Main Road

 

Sunset over the escarpment - Dawie Jacobs

Sunset over the escarpment – Dawie Jacobs

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

(28ºC)

 

  • Four Birmingham male lions resting at Serengeti open area
  • Bahuti, the young male leopard, resting on Gowrie Main
  • Quarantine, the young male leopard, moving north from Little Gowrie driveway
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffalo’s moving east from Madash Road
  • One elephant bull feeding on Gowrie Main

 

Thursday, 13 November 2014

(38ºC)

 

  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Eastern Bank Marakeng
  • Moya’s cub feeding on an impala kill on Seepline Road
  • Salayexe, the female leopard, moving west from Bushcamp East
  • Four buffalo bulls feeding on Our Southern Boundary
    Three buffalo bulls feeding at Serengeti/Manyeleti Crossing
  • Four buffalo bulls feeding in Our Fathers Crossing

 

Friday, 14 November 2014

(26ºC)

 

  • One elephant bull feeding on Parallel Road
  • Four buffalo bulls feeding on Zebra drive
  • Two buffalo bulls resting on Saseka Road
  • One elephant bull feeding on One Eye Pan
  • Mvula, the male leopard, resting east of MMM South, close to his warthog kill
  • Thandi, the female leopard, moving north on Cheetah Plains driveway
  • Eight buffalo bulls feeding on One Eye Pan Road

 

Bawuti the young male leopard - Dawie Jacobs

Bawuti the young male leopard – Dawie Jacobs

Saturday, 15 November 2014

(29ºC)

 

  • Three Majingi male lions resting on our Southern boundary
  • One Birmingham male lion resting at Serengeti Pan
  • Three buffalo bulls feeding on A-main
  • Mvula, the male leopard, feeding on warthog kill on MMM South
  • A breeding herd of about twenty five elephants feeding on EP open area
  • Three buffalo bulls feeding at Serengeti Pan
  • Another breeding herd of about ten elephants feeding on Shomboma Road

 

Sunday, 16 November 2014

(20ºC)

 

  • Two Birmingham male lions resting on Tsololo Road
  • Salayexe, the female leopard, moving south on EP open area
  • Five buffalo bulls feeding on Eastern Bank Manyeleti
  • A breeding herd of about twenty elephants feeding on Marula Bult Central
  • A breeding herd of about 300 buffalo’s feeding on 2nd Windmill Road
  • Another breeding herd of about 20 elephants feeding around Seef’s Pan
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