This is the most important aspect of skin care and can very often be miss-diagnosed! We all know the general descriptions for how our skin looks and feels, but let us take a closer look to make sure that we truly know and understand our skin type and condition.

Skin types

Skin types

Dry skin: Skin lacking moisture/oil (note it is not skin lacking water although it could improve dry skin)

The skin has a dull appearance and is usually itchy. It can be the cause of diseases such as Psoriasis and Eczema, or because of the air around you: air-conditioning, wind etc. If the cause is external it is easy to fix. Pamper your skin with loads of moisturizer especially designed for dry skin and soon your problem will be something of the past. If it is because of disease, go seek the advice of a professional, as this problem will need to be tackled both from the inside and outside.

De-Hydrated skin: Skin lacking water

If you press your skin upwards with your finger fine lines and wrinkles will appear. This is because water plumps up the skin and gives it a healthy glow. The lack of water leaves your skin “empty” causing it to wrinkle up. The solution is easy: drink your 2L of water a day, every day!

Sensitive skin: Skin that reacts to anything and everything!

It does not have to be red or pale, although sensitive skin usually is. This type of skin needs to be handled with care. It tends to go hand in hand with de-hydrated skin so hydrate, hydrate, hydrate and you will be surprised at the drastic change it makes to your skin. My advice will be to go as natural as possible when choosing your skin care range. Your skin reacts better to ingredients that are closer to its own molecular structure and therefore would be less sensitive.

Problem skin: One or two pimples or even five does not make it problem skin!

Problem skin is covered with inflamed pimples, with the focus being on inflamed. The only solution is to seek help from a specialist. This skin condition is usually inherited and needs to be treated as a disease, fighting in from both inside and out.

Oily skin: Shiny skin that goes hand in hand with a view pimples.

Now, your skin can always be oily, which again is inherited. If so, you should keep to matt products and again lots of water. The water is needed to keep your skin hydrated. Where most products will aid in hydration, these ones do not, as its main focus is drying out the oil! Also avoid layering thick make-up, as this will only clog up pours and make the pimples even worse. If your skin is only oily when there is a change in hormones, keep a suitable product to use during this time only.

Mature skin: Prominent lines and wrinkles.

Mature skin is not really a skin type but a skin condition. It comes with age and unfortunately most of the damage has been done many years before we can see the effects on our skin. Keeping your skin well hydrated will make the biggest difference as it plumps up the skin and helps even out the fine lines and wrinkles. As for the rest of the wrinkles, using a product that will improve elasticity is the best way to go. From the very first time you start to see your skin aging, you should start using the products and do not stop! Aging is an ongoing process that needs constant attention.

Sun Damaged skin: Leathery skin with dark spots

The leathery appearance comes from the skin not only losing its elasticity, but also the layers of dead skin cells that build up over time. This is because of the speed at which cells die off, once overexposed to the sun. Piling on the moisture is part one of the treatment. Regular exfoliation is part two. This removes the dead skin build-up and also stimulates the skin, which in turn betters circulation, increasing the amount of nutrition that comes to the skin in order to restore itself. The dark spots are caused by UV rays. In order to lighten the pigmentation, you will need to use a highly active product specially designed to brighten the skin. Once you start using a brightening lotion, remember to always wear an SPF factor, as the active chemicals can cause even more pigmentation.

Remember that prevention is better than cure! The best thing you can do for your skin is to hydrate and protect. Drink your 2L of water a day and always, even when indoors, wear an SPF factor.